Climate change influences rain patterns in Kuwait

Two environmental experts have weighed in on the recent rains witnessed in Kuwait. Secretary-General of the Kuwaiti Society for the Protection of the Environment Janan Behzad said that there was an urgent need to study fluctuations in rainfall and their impact on urban areas. She pointed out that currently, gaps exist in our understanding due to a lack of integration of applied science with the engineering of building cities and streets, as well as from unawareness on climate changes and spatial distributions for rain in the country.

Behzad added that new climatic characteristics and modeling of the future should be described and analyzed through predictions based on recent events of variation in precipitation. This would measure the sensitivity of the country to receiving rainfall in future and help better understand the weather events responsible for climate formation in the region.

For his part, head of the Department of Climate Monitoring Change in the Environment Public Authority (EPA) Sherif Al-Khayat, said that research has shown a close correlation between global warming and changes in global climate, with changes in weather patterns and quantities of rainfall witnessed across the world.

He added that increasing concentration of greenhouse gases affect characteristics of the water cycle, including its evaporation and condensation from open waters and the paths of clouds and the impact of the high and low pressures, sometimes causing heavy rains in some areas and dehydration elsewhere.

Kuwait is not immune to these changes. “What we are witnessing today in unprecedented temperature rise, change in seasons, and the intensity and frequency of dust storms and extreme rainfall are definitive evidence of serious changes in the atmosphere,” he said.